Data for this website and the Road to recovery shark brief has been sourced from these documents

E. Barrowclift et al., “Social, economic and trade characteristics of the elasmobranch fishery on Unguja Island, Zanzibar, East Africa.” Marine Policy 83 (2017): 128-136, 10.1016/j.marpol.2017.06.002; C. Hopkins, “External actors, high value resources and threatened species: shark fin commodity chains of Northern Madagascar, interception for conservation.” Imperial College London (2011); S.J. Pierce et al., “A preliminary assessment of artisanal fisheries,” Eyes on the Horizon (2008); D. Schaeffer, “Assessment of the artisanal shark fishery and local shark fin trade on Unguja Island, Zanzibar,” Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection, Paper 536 (2004).

J.K. Baum et al., “Collapse and conservation of shark populations in the Northwest Atlantic.” Science 299 (2003): 389-392.

J.K. Baum and W. Blanchard, “Inferring shark population trends from generalized linear mixed models of pelagic longline catch and effort data,” Fisheries Research 102(2010): 229-239.

J. Chang and K. Liu, “Stock assessment of the shortfin Mako shark (Isurus oxyrinchus) in the Northwest Pacific Ocean using per recruit and virtual population analyses.” Fisheries Research 98 (2009): 92-101.

 Clarke et al., “Identification of Shark Species Composition and Proportion in the Hong Kong Shark Fin Market Based on Molecular Genetics and Trade Records,” Conservation Biology 20 (2006): 201-11,

S.C. Clarke et al., “Population Trends in Pacific Oceanic Sharks and the Utility of Regulations on Shark Finning,” Conservation Biology 27, vol. 1 (2013): 197–209.

E. Cortés et al., “Relative abundance of pelagic sharks in the western north Atlantic Ocean, including the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea,” Gulf and Caribbean Research 19, vol. 2(2007): 37-52.

M. Diop and J. Dossa, “30 Years of shark fishing in West Africa,” Fondation internationale du Bassin d'Arguin and Regional Marine and Coastal Conservation Programme for West Africa, and the Sub-Regional Fishing Commission (2011),

F. Ferretti et al., “Loss of Large Predatory Sharks from the Mediterranean Sea,” Conservation Biology 22, no. 4 (2008): 952-964,

A.T. Fields et al., “Species composition of the international shark fin trade assessed through a retail‐market survey in Hong Kong,” Conservation Biology 32 (2017): 376-389,

J.L. Giles et al., “Genetic and phenotypic diversity in the wedgefish Rhynchobatus australiae, a threatened ray of high value in the shark fin trade,” Marine Ecology Progress Series 548 (2016): 165-180, doi: 10.3354/meps11617; J. White et al., “Age and growth parameters of shark-like batoids,” J Fish Biol 84 (2014):1340−1353; H.K. Chen, “Shark Fisheries and the Trade in Sharks and Shark Products in Southeast Asia.” TRAFFIC Southeast Asia Report (1996); W.T. White and R. McAuley, “Rhynchobatus australiae,” The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (2003).

R.W. Jabado et al., “The conservation status of sharks, rays, and chimaeras in the Arabian sea and adjacent waters,” Environment Agency—Abu Dhabi, UAE and IUCN Species Survival Commission Shark Specialist Group (2017).

A.B.M. Moore, “Are guitarfishes the next sawfishes? Extinction risk and an urgent call for conservation action,” Endangered Species Research 34 (2017),

G. Notarbartolo di Sciara et al., “Glaucostegus cemiculus,” in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, version 2016.1,; A.D. Marshall and P.R. Last, “Glaucostegus granulatus,” in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, version 2016.1,  

ICCAT SCRS. 2017. Report of the 2017 Shortfin Mako Assessment Meeting. Madrid, Spain, 12-16 June 2017. International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas.

G. Notarbartolo di Sciara et al., “Glaucostegus cemiculus”; P.N. Psomadakis et al., “The chondrichthyan biodiversity in the Gulf of Naples (SW Italy, Tyrrhenian Sea): An historical overview.”

E. Romanov, P. Bach, and N. Romanova, “Preliminary estimates of bycatches in the western equatorial Indian Ocean in the traditional multifilament longline gears (1961-1989).” IOTC Working Party on Ecosystems and Bycatch (WPEB) Bangkok (2008), Thailand. IOTC-2008-WPEB-10.

R.H.L. Walls and A. Soldo, “Isurus oxyrinchus,” The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (2016),

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